Matrix Concentration inequalities such as Matrix Bernstein inequality have played an important role in many areas of pure and applied mathematics. These inequalities are intimately related to the celebrated noncommutative Khintchine inequality of Lust-Piquard and Pisier. In the middle of the 2010's, Tropp improved the dimensional dependence of this inequality in certain settings by leveraging cancellations due to non-commutativity of the underlying random matrices, giving rise to the question of whether such dependency could be removed.
In this talk we leverage ideas from Free Probability to fully remove the dimensional dependence in a range of instances, yielding optimal bounds in many settings of interest. As a byproduct we develop matrix concentration inequalities that capture non-commutativity (or, to be more precise, ``freeness''), improving over Matrix Bernstein in a range of instances. No background knowledge of Free Probability will be assumed in the talk.
Joint work with March Boedihardjo and Ramon van Handel, more information at arXiv:2108.06312 [math.PR].